Aortic Stenosis

About Aortic Stenosis

Aortic stenosis is one of the most common, and most serious valve disease problems.

What is Aortic Stenosis?

Aortic stenosis is one of the most common and most serious valve disease problems1.

It is estimated that 1 in 8 elderly Australians has Aortic Stenosis2. Up to 50% of people who develop severe Aortic Stenosis symptoms will die within an average of two years3 if they do not have their aortic valve replaced.

Aortic stenosis is defined as a narrowing of the aortic valve opening. Aortic stenosis restricts the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta and may also affect the pressure in the left atrium4.

 

Pathophysiology

Aortic Stenosis is the increased pressure load imposed by aortic stenosis results in compensatory hypertrophy of the left ventricle (LV). With time, the ventricle can no longer compensate, causing secondary LV cavity enlargement, reduced ejection fraction (EF) and decreased cardiac output. The result is an increase in exertional syncope, exertional angina and breathlessness over time5.

what is aortic stenosis

The severity of aortic stenosis is determined by the calcification of the aortic valve leaflets

 

The Size of the Problem

Our challenge is to identify and treat this life-threatening disease” – A/Prof Martin Ng

 

 

The Impact of Undiagnosed Aortic Stenosis

Aortic Stenosis left untreated is a lethal disease.” – Dr Ronen Gurvitch

 

 

Are the Treatment Options of Aortic Stenosis Well Understood?

Cardiac Surgery in the last 20 years is unrecognisable from a safety and outcomes point of view.” – Professor Michael Vallely

 

Learn about the symptoms of aortic stenosis here. 

Patient disclaimer: All content on the Hope for Hearts site is created and published online for general information purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice. Please see your doctor if you have any questions or concerns.
Reference
  1. American Heart Association
  2. J AM Coll Cardiol 2013- Sept 10;62 (11) 1002-12 Osnabrugge RL
  3. Otto, C. VALVE DISEASE: Timing of aortic valve surgery. Heart. 2000;84(2):211-218.
  4. American Heart Association
  5. MSD Manual