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Structural heart disease refers to a collection of conditions that affect the integrity of the four heart valves, the various tendons attached to these valves or the large vessels that distribute blood from the heart. This structural integrity can also include a variety of conditions that may affect the wall of the heart between each of the four chambers.1
There are also a number of conditions that can be attributed to the ageing process where structural components of the heart are affected, and in turn, impact cardiac function and output. Some conditions may also have an impact on the pulmonary system and other systems due to these changes.
A small number of these conditions can be inherited from birth requiring patients to undergo corrective procedures during the first phase of their early lives. These conditions may be classified as inherited or “congenital” conditions that can be detected as patients age and symptoms arise.