There are several types of tests used to confirm cardiac causes in presenting syncope. These tests have varying degrees of specificity and accuracy, but are commonly used in the diagnosis of cardiac syncope:
Patient history has been shown to be an important tool to use in identifying the specific type of syncope. Frequency of syncopal events is often an important detail to include in the patient history as many patients with syncope have symptoms/events that occur infrequently.
Important considerations also include:
Patient history is a key tool for identifying the cause of syncope and should include questions including:
A thorough patient examination is a key step in uncovering the potential cause of syncope. This clinical examination should include (but not be limited to):
12 lead ECG
Thorough cardiovascular assessment:
Detailed Neurological examination