Heart valve disease symptoms can present as mild to severe.
It is import to remember that not all patients with severe aortic stenosis suffer obvious symptoms, however on more in-depth questioning, it is often found that the patient’s activity levels have declined over time without them releasing.
It’s estimated that up to 32% of patients may be symptomatic when asked.
Signs and symptoms of aortic stenosis may include:
Many live with the debilitating symptoms of severe aortic stenosis, impacting their quality of life, adding considerable costs to the healthcare system2.
In most elderly adults, aortic stenosis is caused by a build-up of calcium on the valve leaflets. Over time, this causes the leaflets to become stiff, reducing their ability to fully open and close.
A normal aortic valve contains three leaflets. But sometimes people are born with an aortic valve that has one, two, or four leaflets. When defects are present, the aortic valve may leak, and this can cause valve problems.
Sometimes strep throat can lead to rheumatic fever which can cause scar tissue to form within the heart. When this happens, the aortic valve may not be able to open and close as it normally should.3